Marc Pitre

This publication presents Peter Eisenman’s Biozentrum project, an expansion of Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main, from 1987. In the competition brief, the program of the complex included biotechnology, molecular biology and biochemistry research laboratories and support spaces. The design process used biological concepts and procedures to generate the geometrical pattern that establishes the location, dimension and form of the complex. The iterations of DNA molecules in the production of the protein collagen were at the base of the fractal geometry guiding the project design. These pairs of figures, with a gap in between them, were the base forms Eisenman adopted ...
This publication presents Testa & Weiser’s Carbon Tower, a prototype for a forty-storey building made almost entirely of carbon fibre. The project exploits the affinities between two technologies that were rapidly advancing during the early 2000s: scripting and fibre-reinforced composite materials. Among its innovations was an early, highly complex 3D-printed model realized through a collaboration with 3D Systems. The project’s point of departure was a script, Weaver, that “weaves” 3D-modelled structural tubes along vectors that intersect one another at repeating increments, generating different densities and patterns of lines according to variable parameters. Carbon Tower pairs this geometry with the formal and ...
This publication presents UNStudio’s Erasmus Bridge, a large-scale infrastructural project in Rotterdam that saw innovative use of digital files as tools for design and sites of communication. The City of Rotterdam commissioned UNStudio, led by Ben van Berkel and Caroline Bos, to design a bridge over the River Maas in 1991. The challenge of the project was to engage the infrastructural constraints and scale with a design commensurate with the project’s civic and public significance. The architects collaborated using digital 3D computer-aided design and manufacturing models transferred between a team of engineers and construction contractors. A constant exchange of 3D files ...
This publication presents Expanding Sphere and Iris Dome, two projets by Chuck Hoberman, in their context during the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. Chuck Hoberman’s work focuses on the notion of transformable design: objects, structures and spaces that can change size and shape through the respective movements of their parts. The Expanding Sphere and Iris Dome could be considered as prototypes that can be later adapted for multiple uses — from toys to buildings. The development of controlling surfaces defined by geometric transformation, with zero material thickness, has been combined with the rigorous design and engineering of hinged and folding ...
This digital publication presents H2Oexpo, an immersive environment designed by Lars Spuybroek that was capable of invoking water abstractly through volume, sloping ground planes, dynamic lighting, projected patterns and images, sound and other kinesthetic means. The project, located in a recreational area in the southwest of the Netherlands called WaterLand, was commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management as a centre for visitors to learn about and experience the nation’s relationship with water. Spuybroek’s design merges a sinuous topological tubular space with digital images that wrap around floor, wall and ceiling surfaces. As part of a multiyear ...
Greg Lynn and Mark Goulthorpe discuss HypoSurface, a computer-controlled elastic surface that responds to sounds, movement, and network commands—and suggests a future where buildings can move and react. HypoSurface began in 1998 and is still under development. Lynn and Goulthorpe consider its origins, its many influences, as well as how an international team including designers, mathematicians, and a composer worked together over multiple iterations of the project. As part of a multiyear project that includes three exhibitions on twenty-five seminal projects, the CCA and Greg Lynn are publishing a series of digital publications recording conversations with key architects. The epubs are heavily ...
This publication presents Interrupted Projections, an exhibition by Neil Denari at TOTOGALLERY・MA in Tokyo in 1996. Denari realized in built form the spatial character of his drawings and digital renderings of continuous curved surfaces, blending floor, wall, and ceiling. He built a structure inside the gallery space whose seamless surface was meant to be a physical representation of the way architecture can figuratively wrap itself around commercial and symbolic systems of value. As part of a multiyear project that includes three exhibitions on twenty-five seminal projects, the CCA and Greg Lynn are publishing a series of digital publications recording conversations with ...
This publication presents the Lewis Residence, an unbuilt residential project for Peter B. Lewis in Lyndhurst, Ohio, that evolved over six years from 1989 to 1995 and in the process fundamentally altered Gehry’s architectural practice. The Lewis Residence house, landscape and surrounding sculptures, were the result of a collaborative exploration of forms and ideas between Frank Gehry, Philip Johnson, and several artists. Between 1989 and 1995 the design of the residence morphed significantly from a regular composition, inspired by the Palladian villa model, into a complex assemblage of individual curved volumes, and finally into fluid and organic forms analogous to other ...
This publication presents the NSA Muscle project by ONL (Kas Oosterhuis and Ilona Lénárd) that combined commercial pneumatics and virtual control technology in new ways to prototype an interactive architecture. NSA Muscle was designed and constructed for the Non-Standard Architectures exhibition at the Centre Georges Pompidou in 2003–2004. ONL’s focus is on the expression of moving surfaces and volumes rather than the expression of moving structure. There is a desire for greater fluidity of form to achieve dynamic figures, and it is not accidental that ONL looked towards pneumatics, combining an external tensile net of soft robotic tubes manufactured by Festo™ ...
In 1997, the New York Stock Exchange commissioned Asymptote Architecture, in collaboration with the Securities Industry Automation Corporation (SIAC), to design a virtual environment to visualize real-time numerical and statistical data. In this publication, Lise Anne Couture and Hani Rashid, founding partners of Asymptote Architecture, discuss the design, development, and use of the New York Stock Exchange Virtual Trading Floor, in conversation with Greg Lynn. As part of a multiyear project that includes three exhibitions on twenty-five seminal projects, the CCA and Greg Lynn are publishing a series of digital publications recording conversations with key architects. The epubs are heavily illustrated with ...
Often referred to by one of its clients as “Cleopatra’s submarine,” the Ost/Kuttner loft converts two adjacent apartments in a pre–World War II building in New York City into a single but divisible space used as a pied-à-terre and guest house. Sulan Kolatan and William Mac Donald of KOL/MAC extended this hybrid character into the design of the renovation, drawing an analogy between the apartment layout and a city where various zones or sites can be activated and linked together. The loft is organized into areas defined less by their programmatic identities—bathroom, bedroom, living space—than by a series of undulating landscapes ...
In this publication, Bernard Cache and Greg Lynn discuss the origins of Objectile, a web-based system for generating unique decorative panels and furniture which predicted a future of customizable form on demand. In 2015, Cache’s twenty-year-old dream of industrially produced nonstandard objects seems to have been broadly realized, but there have been important and unforeseen changes along the way. The conversation ranges from Deleuze to the financial crisis, from differences between European and American architecture education to the fate of early CADsoftware companies. As part of a multiyear project that includes three exhibitions on twenty-five seminal projects, the CCA and Greg Lynn ...

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