Index of Titles Filed Under 'Digitality'

This publication presents Peter Eisenman’s Biozentrum project, an expansion of Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main, from 1987. In the competition brief, the program of the complex included biotechnology, molecular biology and biochemistry research laboratories and support spaces. The design process used biological concepts and procedures to generate the geometrical pattern that establishes the location, dimension and form of the complex. The iterations of DNA molecules in the production of the protein collagen were at the base of the fractal geometry guiding the project design. These pairs of figures, with a gap in between them, were the base forms Eisenman adopted ...
In this publication, Greg Lynn and Wolf Prix discuss Coop Himmelb(l)au’s BMW Welt, a corporate-event and car-delivery centre whose iconic form was realized with sophisticated structural analysis and visualization software. The project is located on the BMW campus in Munich, near the Olympic Park; among other corporate functions, it offers the opportunity for new BMW owners to learn more about their cars before driving them away from within the building itself. The design extends Prix’s interest in a cloud-like architecture without ties to the ground. Anchored in one corner by a twisting “double cone” made of nearly nine hundred unique steel ...
This publication presents Testa & Weiser’s Carbon Tower, a prototype for a forty-storey building made almost entirely of carbon fibre. The project exploits the affinities between two technologies that were rapidly advancing during the early 2000s: scripting and fibre-reinforced composite materials. Among its innovations was an early, highly complex 3D-printed model realized through a collaboration with 3D Systems. The project’s point of departure was a script, Weaver, that “weaves” 3D-modelled structural tubes along vectors that intersect one another at repeating increments, generating different densities and patterns of lines according to variable parameters. Carbon Tower pairs this geometry with the formal and ...
This publication presents the Chemnitz Stadium, a project whose visual effects and structural qualities were shaped by a transition from hand sketches to a digital 3D model. Cologne-based architects Peter Kulka and Ulrich Königs, in collaboration with structural engineer Cecil Balmond of Arup, developed the design through hand sketches that were translated into a digital 3D model. The stadium’s structure consists of four formal elements: the lower stands, the upper stands, a series of columns, and a translucent roof, which the architects described metaphorically as an artificial hill, a floating object, a forest, and a cloud, respectively. These distinct forms layer ...
The second in the Studies in the Design Laboratory epub series produced by the Harvard University Graduate School of Design and the CCA, this publication traces the development of complex computational geometry in the work of Ron Resch. Resch’s strikingly novel generative methods laid the seeds of computational origami, and during the early 1970’s he collaborated in the pioneering computer science department of the University of Utah, a hotbed of early computer graphics. Featuring interviews with Resch’s collaborators, excerpts from his remarkable films, and a consideration of the role of the architect in cross-disciplinary laboratories, this epub argues for Resch ...
PublisherOnCurating.org2020
This issue compiles a series of perspectives on art-making and curating that consider forms of production through contemporary digital networks as well as increased reliance on digital technologies. We consider the issue as a much-needed start to discuss curating under digital conditions on our platform. Each interview, artwork, and article thinks through contemporary practices that rework or examine what the relationship of place, automation, labour, and archives have in relation to technological effects in production under neoliberalism. Four interviews focus on art practice and digital art-making and also how the digital is an asset in the making and production of ...
Designing the Computational Image, Imagining Computational Design is an exhibition showcasing rare photographs, film, high-quality reproductions, and interactive software reconstructions examining the formative period of numerical control and Computer-Aided Design technologies, along with a selection of experimental work by computational designers working today.
PublisherDroste Effect2017
Is our society busy with technological determinism? And how is contemporary art building social and cultural alternatives? In this perspective, technological innovation is observed in its social consequences and shaped by society itself. This paper tries to address these questions through the artistic practice of New Zealand artist Simon Denny, who we have followed and interviewed during the Political Populism exhibition at Vienna’s Kunsthalle.
This publication presents UNStudio’s Erasmus Bridge, a large-scale infrastructural project in Rotterdam that saw innovative use of digital files as tools for design and sites of communication. The City of Rotterdam commissioned UNStudio, led by Ben van Berkel and Caroline Bos, to design a bridge over the River Maas in 1991. The challenge of the project was to engage the infrastructural constraints and scale with a design commensurate with the project’s civic and public significance. The architects collaborated using digital 3D computer-aided design and manufacturing models transferred between a team of engineers and construction contractors. A constant exchange of 3D files ...
This publication presents Expanding Sphere and Iris Dome, two projets by Chuck Hoberman, in their context during the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. Chuck Hoberman’s work focuses on the notion of transformable design: objects, structures and spaces that can change size and shape through the respective movements of their parts. The Expanding Sphere and Iris Dome could be considered as prototypes that can be later adapted for multiple uses — from toys to buildings. The development of controlling surfaces defined by geometric transformation, with zero material thickness, has been combined with the rigorous design and engineering of hinged and folding ...
Greg Lynn and Preston Scott Cohen discuss the Eyebeam Atelier Museum, a project for an art space in New York developed through 3D modelling to define a structure based on tensegrity. The project was developed for a competition in 2001 and was intended as a space for exhibition, education, and design in the domain of digital art. Preston Scott Cohen’s design defines distinct planes, chords, and stacked toroidal volumes in a segmented structural system that nevertheless allows for continuous and non-repeating circulation. Cohen’s use of digital technology for the Eyebeam project originated in his formal interests—specifically in geometry that could not ...
PublisherMeson Press2020
From TIFF files to TED talks, from book sizes to blues stations—the term “format” circulates in a staggering array of contexts and applies to entirely dissimilar objects and practices. How can such a pliable notion meaningfully function as an instrument of classification in so many industries and scientific communities? Comprising a wide range of case studies on the standards, practices, and politics of formats from scholars of photography, film, radio, television, and the Internet, Format Matters charts the many ways in which formats shape and are shaped by past and present media cultures. This volume represents the first sustained collaborative effort ...
This digital publication presents H2Oexpo, an immersive environment designed by Lars Spuybroek that was capable of invoking water abstractly through volume, sloping ground planes, dynamic lighting, projected patterns and images, sound and other kinesthetic means. The project, located in a recreational area in the southwest of the Netherlands called WaterLand, was commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management as a centre for visitors to learn about and experience the nation’s relationship with water. Spuybroek’s design merges a sinuous topological tubular space with digital images that wrap around floor, wall and ceiling surfaces. As part of a multiyear ...
This publication presents Morphosis’s Hypo Alpe-Adria Center, a project located in Klagenfurt, Austria, that creates a new landform in order to mediate the edge-city condition. In the 1990s, Austrian based Hypo Alpe-Adria Bank group was expanding into a major international corporation and commissioned Morphosis to build its new headquarters based on the office’s winning entry to an invited competition. Not only did the brief call for supporting the functions of the new conglomerate, it also stipulated civic and commercial space for the local community. Situated at the eastern edge of Klagenfurt, the project’s scale and density needed to address its context. ...
Greg Lynn and Mark Goulthorpe discuss HypoSurface, a computer-controlled elastic surface that responds to sounds, movement, and network commands—and suggests a future where buildings can move and react. HypoSurface began in 1998 and is still under development. Lynn and Goulthorpe consider its origins, its many influences, as well as how an international team including designers, mathematicians, and a composer worked together over multiple iterations of the project. As part of a multiyear project that includes three exhibitions on twenty-five seminal projects, the CCA and Greg Lynn are publishing a series of digital publications recording conversations with key architects. The epubs are heavily ...
This publication presents Interrupted Projections, an exhibition by Neil Denari at TOTOGALLERY・MA in Tokyo in 1996. Denari realized in built form the spatial character of his drawings and digital renderings of continuous curved surfaces, blending floor, wall, and ceiling. He built a structure inside the gallery space whose seamless surface was meant to be a physical representation of the way architecture can figuratively wrap itself around commercial and symbolic systems of value. As part of a multiyear project that includes three exhibitions on twenty-five seminal projects, the CCA and Greg Lynn are publishing a series of digital publications recording conversations with ...
This publication presents the Jyväskylä Music and Arts Centre, a project that uses a system of abstracted flows mapped through particle animations to generate a rich interior/exterior social landscape. Johan Bettum and Kivi Sotamaa of OCEAN North, one branch of an interdisciplinary research and design network originally founded in 1994, developed their proposal for the Jyväskylä Music and Art Centre in 1997 in response to an international competition. Alternating between physical and digital methods and sharing files between Oslo and Helsinki, Bettum and Sotamaa collaborated with digital experts to generate the “cloud” of particle animations that would shape the void at ...
In this publication, Greg Lynn, Jesse Reiser, and Nanako Umemoto discuss RUR’s entry to the competition for the Kansai-kan, or Kansai branch, of the National Diet Library in Kyoto, a project that pairs an automated system for storing and retrieving library materials with a fluid landscape of public and research spaces distributed across three interconnected, sloping levels. RUR’s design, which was a finalist in the 1995 competition, fulfils the conventional program of a library—information storage and access—while addressing both the explosion of digital tectonics in surface modelling and new library technologies. The design process began with hand drawings and wax models; ...
This publication presents the Lewis Residence, an unbuilt residential project for Peter B. Lewis in Lyndhurst, Ohio, that evolved over six years from 1989 to 1995 and in the process fundamentally altered Gehry’s architectural practice. The Lewis Residence house, landscape and surrounding sculptures, were the result of a collaborative exploration of forms and ideas between Frank Gehry, Philip Johnson, and several artists. Between 1989 and 1995 the design of the residence morphed significantly from a regular composition, inspired by the Palladian villa model, into a complex assemblage of individual curved volumes, and finally into fluid and organic forms analogous to other ...
This publication presents the NSA Muscle project by ONL (Kas Oosterhuis and Ilona Lénárd) that combined commercial pneumatics and virtual control technology in new ways to prototype an interactive architecture. NSA Muscle was designed and constructed for the Non-Standard Architectures exhibition at the Centre Georges Pompidou in 2003–2004. ONL’s focus is on the expression of moving surfaces and volumes rather than the expression of moving structure. There is a desire for greater fluidity of form to achieve dynamic figures, and it is not accidental that ONL looked towards pneumatics, combining an external tensile net of soft robotic tubes manufactured by Festo™ ...
In 1997, the New York Stock Exchange commissioned Asymptote Architecture, in collaboration with the Securities Industry Automation Corporation (SIAC), to design a virtual environment to visualize real-time numerical and statistical data. In this publication, Lise Anne Couture and Hani Rashid, founding partners of Asymptote Architecture, discuss the design, development, and use of the New York Stock Exchange Virtual Trading Floor, in conversation with Greg Lynn. As part of a multiyear project that includes three exhibitions on twenty-five seminal projects, the CCA and Greg Lynn are publishing a series of digital publications recording conversations with key architects. The epubs are heavily illustrated with ...
Often referred to by one of its clients as “Cleopatra’s submarine,” the Ost/Kuttner loft converts two adjacent apartments in a pre–World War II building in New York City into a single but divisible space used as a pied-à-terre and guest house. Sulan Kolatan and William Mac Donald of KOL/MAC extended this hybrid character into the design of the renovation, drawing an analogy between the apartment layout and a city where various zones or sites can be activated and linked together. The loft is organized into areas defined less by their programmatic identities—bathroom, bedroom, living space—than by a series of undulating landscapes ...
In this publication, Bernard Cache and Greg Lynn discuss the origins of Objectile, a web-based system for generating unique decorative panels and furniture which predicted a future of customizable form on demand. In 2015, Cache’s twenty-year-old dream of industrially produced nonstandard objects seems to have been broadly realized, but there have been important and unforeseen changes along the way. The conversation ranges from Deleuze to the financial crisis, from differences between European and American architecture education to the fate of early CADsoftware companies. As part of a multiyear project that includes three exhibitions on twenty-five seminal projects, the CCA and Greg Lynn ...
In this publication Greg Lynn, Christos Passas, and Patrik Schumacher discuss Zaha Hadid Architects’ Phaeno Science Centre, a project that combined the organizational parameters of landscape architecture with digital tools of representation and fabrication to build one of the largest structures ever cast with handmade formwork and self-compacting concrete. Located in Wolfsburg, Germany, the interactive museum was built to emphasize the importance of the Volkswagen headquarters to the city’s development. The site that was chosen by the municipality is part of a network of cultural buildings—by Alvar Aalto, Hans Scharoun, and Schweger Architekten—located along the canal and railway that separate the ...
This publication presents Sports Complex, Galaxy Toyama and Odwawara Gymnasium, two projets from the early 1990s by Japanese Architect Shoei Yoh. For these two large public gymnasium facilities, developed in the same period around 1991, Shoei Yoh paid special attention to the design of the roof. For both Odawara and Galaxy Toyama the regular geometry of the ground floor, often determined by the form and size of the different sports fields, is juxtaposed with a fluid three-dimensional membrane that covers the entire complex. Acquiring an almost textile-like quality, the roof is in fact a non-standard wireframe structure composed of individual steel ...

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