Some time around 1882, God was pronounced dead. For certain Russian thinkers of the era, this loss provided a building opportunity: where the place of one god closes, space for another one opens. Unlike most established schools of thought, Russian cosmism does not present a singular vision, a consistent epistemology, or a unified theory. On the contrary: the ideas of its nineteenth- to early-twentieth-century protagonists are often so divergent and contradictory that they appear incoherent, paradoxical, or delirious…
Timeline of Russian Cosmism
Anastasia Gacheva, Arseny Zhilyaev, and Anton Vidokle
The Stofflichkeit of the Universe: Alexander Bogdanov and the Soviet Avant-Garde
Optimists of ...